Sefarad is the name given in the Jewish tradition to the Iberian Peninsula, in modern Hebrew is just Spain.
And nowadays the Sephardic Jews are those whose ancestors where Spaniards or Portuguese and where unfairly expelled from their countries in the late 15th century.
From many centuries, the Jewish communities living in Spain produced a magnificent heritage, some of it is still available for us to admire. Here is a small sample:
Toledo was one of the most prosperous Jewish Quarters, and it preserves a very rich heritage. There used to be ten synagogues and two of them are still standing.
Santa Maria la Blanca Sinagogue, former Ibn Shushan Synagogue.
Synagogue of El Transito, commissioned by Samuel ha-Levi. Today holds the Sephardic museum.
In Segovia one Synagogue is still standing because it was sadly transformed into a church in the 15th century. The architecture is preserved, including the women’s gallery.
Cordoba has a small Synagogue build in 1315, with it’s fundational plaque inside that reads as follow:
“Provisional sanctuary and abode for the Testimony completed by Yitzhak Moheb son of Mr. Ephraim Wadawa, in the [Hebrew] year 75 [(1315 C.E.)] So return, oh God hasten to return to Jerusalem”
In Cordoba you can also find an sculpture of Maimonides, the Sephardic Jewish philosopher, who was born here.
Avila is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, but there is not much still standing from its Jewish past. Inside of the citywalls, we find the archway of one of the Synagogues.
This small town in the Mediterranean coast had a big Jewish Quarter, and there are still some remains, like the entrance arch in the walls, a Mikve, a defensive tower, the ruins of a synagogue (under some modern houses), a cementery, etc.
The city of Oviedo has a beautiful square with a market, that was originally the location of the Jewish butcher.